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Rum

Popular Rum Types: Dark Rum | White Rum | Spiced Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production.

In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac, and results in a spirit typically around 40-50% ABV, or higher in the case of overproof rum. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

Mezan Jamaica Worthy Park 2005

70cl, 40%
Worthy Park

A Mezan bottling of Jamaican rum from the Worthy Park Estate, situated in the Vale of Lluidas. Distilled in 2005 and bottled at 40% ABV for the well-loved Mezan selection of independently bottled…  More info

Mezan Jamaica Worthy Park 2005
$35.69

Mount Gay Black Barrel

70cl, 43%
Mount Gay

Released in the UK in 2014, the Mount Gay Black Barrel rum is made from single column and double pot distilled rum, though using a higher proportion of double pot distillates than their other…  More info

Mount Gay Black Barrel
7
$33.99

Mezan Jamaica XO Gift Pack with 2x Glasses

70cl, 40%
Mezan

A tasty Jamaican rum from the Mezan range, presented in a set which would make for a delicious gift! This include a full 70cl bottle of Mezan Jamaica XO and two glasses.  More info

Mezan Jamaica XO Gift Pack with 2x Glasses
$40.37

Medford Rum

75cl, 40%
GrandTen Distilling

New England used to be rather renowned for its rum, with rum from Medford being well regarded to the point of it becoming somewhat of a "thing". Though this was a long time ago, GrandTen Distilling…  More info

Medford Rum
$41.35

Matusalem Solera 7 Year Old

70cl, 40%
Matusalem

A seven year old 'Solera' rum from Dominican producer Matusalem. Great in cocktails, but more than good enough to be sipped.  More info

Matusalem Solera 7 Year Old
1
$24.30

Epris 16 Year Old 1999 (cask 3) - Single Cask Rum (Duncan Taylor)

70cl, 47.50%
Epris

A single cask bottling of rum from the Epris distillery in Brazil, distilled in 1999 and bottled 16 years later by Duncan Taylor.  More info

Epris 16 Year Old 1999 (cask 3) - Single Cask Rum (Duncan Taylor)
$68.08

Doorly's 8 Year Old

70cl, 40%
Doorly's

An 8 year old rum from Barbados joins the wonderful Doorly's range! As ever, it's got a tropical bird on the label and the bottle is filled with top-notch rum - dig in!  More info

Doorly's 8 Year Old
$32.98

Owney's Original Rum

70cl, 40%
The Noble Experiment NYC

Owney's Original Rum comes to us from The Noble Experiment NYC, established by Bridget C. Firtle in 2012. Named in honour of Owen 'Owney' Madden, a Prohibition-era rum-runner and speak-easy…  More info

Owney's Original Rum
$45.76

Santiago De Cuba Carta Blanca

70cl, 38%
Santiago de Cuba

The Carta Blanca rum from Santiago de Cuba is a molasses-based rum which is initially aged in oak casks and filtered before bottling, removing the colour but not the flavour (making it a good choice…  More info

Santiago De Cuba Carta Blanca
$26.67

New Grove Solera 25 Year Old Rum

70cl, 40%
Grays

Solera-aged rum from Mauritius, distilled for the New Grove brand of tasty rums. This limited edition bottling is made using rums aged for at least 25 years, expertly blended to produce a rich,…  More info

New Grove Solera 25 Year Old Rum
1
$172.57

Uitvlught 18 Year Old 1997 (cask 13) Duncan Taylor

70cl, 53.50%
Uitvlugt

Guyanese rum bottled by Duncan Taylor, best known for their independent whisky releases. An excellent opportunity to experience single cask pot still rum! The outturn of this cask was 304 bottles at…  More info

Uitvlught 18 Year Old 1997 (cask 13) Duncan Taylor
$89.33

Martinique 12 Year Old - Anniversary Edition Rhum Agricole (Rum Nation)

70cl, 43%
Martinique

A beautifully presented 12 year old Martinique rhum agricole (made from cane juice) from Rum Nation. Wicked skills.  More info

Martinique 12 Year Old - Anniversary Edition Rhum Agricole (Rum Nation)
1
$93.43

Plantation Barbados 2001

70cl, 42%
Plantation

The 2001 vintage Barbados rum is first aged in bourbon and Sherry casks for nine years, before being finished in Cognac casks for a further three years. Oodles of spice and fruit, with some rather…  More info

Plantation Barbados 2001
$52.40

Old Monk The Legend

100cl, 42.80%
Mohan Meakin Brewery

From the Old Monk range produced by Mohan Meakin in India comes The Legend, a well-aged blended rum presented in a bottle supposedly shaped like the head of H.G. Meakin, the company's founder. Pretty…  More info

Old Monk The Legend
2
$74.11

Diamond Distillery 1998 - Bristol Spirits

70cl, 40%
Diamond Distillery

This is a 1998 vintage Demerara rum from Guyana's Diamond Distillery, independently bottled by Bristol Spirits in the UK. A mellow, sippable rum which works well over ice or in cocktails.  More info

Diamond Distillery 1998 - Bristol Spirits
1
$68.50

FAIR. 11 Year Old Rum

70cl, 50.70%
FAIR.

Ooh, the FAIR. folks have release an even older rum than their last one (the excellent 10 Year Old)! The FAIR 11 Year Old rum from Belize is made with Fair Trade certified sugar cane, and features…  More info

FAIR. 11 Year Old Rum
$63.14

Pirate's Grog No.13

70cl, 40%
Pirate's Grog Rum Ltd

A single cask, 13 year old rum from Pirate's Grog! The outturn from the American oak cask was 777 beautifully presented bottles.  More info

Pirate's Grog No.13
$73.45

Brugal XV

70cl, 38%
Brugal

A well aged, well blended rum from top Dominican producers, Brugal. To create the XV, they use a selection of ex-bourbon casks and casks which have previously held Pedro Ximénez Sherry, aged between…  More info

Brugal XV
2
$28.62

Ron Centenario 20

70cl, 40%
Centenario International

Costa Rican rum aged for up to 20 years in a solera system of American oak barrels. Produced by Centenario Internacional whose rums weren't available outside of Costa Rica until 2007!  More info

Ron Centenario 20
$59.32

J. Bally Millésime 2002 Rhum Vieux

70cl, 43%
J. Bally

A 2002 vintage rhum agricole from J. Bally, produced on the island of Martinique in the Caribbean.  More info

J. Bally Millésime 2002 Rhum Vieux
$46.90

New Grove Plantation Rum

70cl, 42%
Grays

A simple white rum from Mauritius, made by New Grove. Sweet and slightly nutty with a hint of grass, like how you imagine sugar cane should taste. Ought to make good friends with your favourite…  More info

New Grove Plantation Rum
$29.18

St Aubin Rhum Agricole Vanilla

50cl, 40%
St Aubin

St Aubin Agricole Rhum Vanilla is a delicious, laid back rum combined with vanilla grown on the St Aubin plantations in Mauritius. The sugary addition from the vanilla makes this an excellent rum for…  More info

St Aubin Rhum Agricole Vanilla
$29.32

Six Saints Caribbean Rum

70cl, 41.70%
Six Saints Rum

Six Saints Caribbean Rum comes to us from Grenada after being aged in bourbon barrels and bottled at 41.7% ABV. Though Grenada is known as the 'Island of Spice', this isn't actually a spiced rum!…  More info

Six Saints Caribbean Rum
1
$43.08

Bacardi Carta Fuego Spirit Drink

70cl, 40%
Bacardi

A warming spiced-rum-based-spirit-drink from Bacardi, with a focus on the fiery notes of cinnamon. Bacardi Carta Fuego ages in torched oak barrels for at least a year and is charcoal filtered before…  More info

Bacardi Carta Fuego Spirit Drink
$24.59

Mocambo 15 Year Old

50cl, 40%
Licores Veracruz

Produced in Mexico by Licores Veracruz, Mocambo is a delicious dark rum, matured in European white oak and bottled unblended, as a single barrel product. This is a medium-bodied, 15 year old rum.  More info

Mocambo 15 Year Old
$25.38

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