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Rum

Popular Rum Types: Dark Rum | White Rum | Spiced Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production.

In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac, and results in a spirit typically around 40-50% ABV, or higher in the case of overproof rum. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

Ron Mulata Blanco Reserva 3 Year Old

70cl, 38%
Ron Mulata

Sugar cane rhum from Ron Palma Mulata de Cuba aged for three whole years in American oak before being bottled as a blanco 'reserva'.  More info

Ron Mulata Blanco Reserva 3 Year Old
$21.52

Monymusk Special Reserve Rum

70cl, 40%
Monymusk

A blend of rums from the Monymusk distillery in Jamaica, which were aged individually in charred oak casks before being blended together. Great over ice on warm evenings.  More info

Monymusk Special Reserve Rum
$40.02

Admiral Benbow Navy Rum

70cl, 37.5%
Benbow

This was named after the legendary Admiral John Benbow who served in the Royal Navy from 1678 to 1702. It's a rich navy-style rum and it works very well in cocktails or with mixers.  More info

Admiral Benbow Navy Rum
1
$14.97

St. George California Agricole Rum (Harvested 2014)

75cl, 43%
St. George Spirits

This right here is the 2014 harvest of California Agricole Rum from St. George Spirits, made with sugar cane grown in Southern California. The St. George distillers take this sugar cane and extract…  More info

St. George California Agricole Rum (Harvested 2014)
2
$65.97

Lamb's Navy Rum

70cl, 40%
Lamb's

Lamb's rum is a very good value for money Navy rum made with rums from Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana.  More info

Lamb's Navy Rum
2
$18.11

Nicaraguan Rum 17 Year Old 1999 - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)

70cl, 59.5%
Hunter Laing

A cask strength bottling of Nicaraguan rum from Hunter Laing's Kill Devil range. This was distilled in January 1999 and allowed to mature in a single cask for 17 years before being bottled at a…  More info

Nicaraguan Rum 17 Year Old 1999 - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)
$93.73

Flor de Caña 4 Year Old Gold

70cl, 40%
Flor de Caña

Flor de Caña recommend this gold 4 year old rum as a mixing product. It was awarded a Best in Class at the 2005 International Wine and Spirits Competition in London.  More info

Flor de Caña 4 Year Old Gold
$24.74

Coruba Blanca White Rum - 1970s

The Ru

A Jamaican white rum with a highly questionable character on the neck of the bottle. The rum itself should be less questionable though. Please note that the label does not state the volume or ABV…  More info

Coruba Blanca White Rum - 1970s
$150.91

Matusalem 15 Gran Reserva Gift Pack

70cl, 40%
Matusalem

A handsome gift pack of Matusalem 15 Gran Reserve Dominican rum, aged in a Solera system for an average 15 years, along with a branded glass and a spherical ice mould, lovely for keeping the sweet,…  More info

Matusalem 15 Gran Reserva Gift Pack
$36.07

Trois Rivières Cuvée Du Moulin Rum

70cl, 40%
Trois Rivieres

A well-aged, rich rhum agricole from Trois Rivières, Cuvée Du Moulin is an utterly beguiling spirit with masses of spice and complexity.  More info

Trois Rivières Cuvée Du Moulin Rum
$46.27

Flor de Caña 7 Year Old

70cl, 40%
Flor de Caña

A great Nicaraguan rum from Flor de Caña. This 7 year old is great as a mixing rum, and it makes a fantastic cocktail. It is aged in 180 litre white oak barrels, which are only used once before…  More info

Flor de Caña 7 Year Old
1
$26.15

El Dorado Rare Collection - Versailles 2002

70cl, 63%
El Dorado

The El Dorado Rare Collection gives light to three of Guyana's most well-loved rum distilleries - Port Mourant, Enmore and Versailles. This one comes from the single wooden pot still of Versailles,…  More info

El Dorado Rare Collection - Versailles 2002
$167.62

Bielle 2009 (bottled 2013) Rhum Vieux Agricole

50cl, 42%
Distillerie Bielle

Rhum agricole from Marie-Galante matured for 4 years in ex-bourbon barrels before a finishing period in ex-Cognac casks.  More info

Bielle 2009 (bottled 2013) Rhum Vieux Agricole
$45.30

Saint James Heritage

70cl, 40%
Saint James

Saint James Heritage is a blend of rums from six different locations - Jamaica, Barbados, Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Trinidad.  More info

Saint James Heritage
$17.25

J. Bally Millésime 2002 Rhum Vieux

70cl, 43%
J. Bally

A 2002 vintage rhum agricole from J. Bally, produced on the island of Martinique in the Caribbean.  More info

J. Bally Millésime 2002 Rhum Vieux
$50.13

Chamarel Single Barrel 2009

70cl, 45%
La Rhumerie de Chamarel

Limited edition 2009 vintage single French oak barrel rhum agricole from Mauritius, made with sugar cane from the best plantation of the Chamarel estate.  More info

Chamarel Single Barrel 2009
$153.05

St. Aubin History Collection Mauritius Cuvée Grande Réserve

70cl, 40%
St Aubin

A blend of St Aubin pot still rhum agricole aged 3 to 7 years in American and French oak.  More info

St. Aubin History Collection Mauritius Cuvée Grande Réserve
$45.20

Sunset Light Rum SLR

75cl, 40%
St. Vincent Distillers Ltd

A white rum distilled on the island of Saint Vincent. Sunset SLR was created in 1998, and it has a light, delicate flavour that works well in cocktails.  More info

Sunset Light Rum SLR
$22.88

Rebellion Premium Black Rum

70cl, 37.5%
Rebellion

A delicious blend of rums from the Caribbean, Rebellion Premium Black is bottled in The Netherlands. This is a lovely dark rum with a superb cocoa-rich palate.  More info

Rebellion Premium Black Rum
$20.81

Clement Canne Bleue

70cl, 50%
Clément

A non-vintage ongoing release of Clément's single varietal rhum agricole from Martinique.  More info

Clement Canne Bleue
$33.40

Myers's Planters Punch Rum - 1984

100cl, 40%
Myers's Rum

A classic brand of blended rum, made using Jamaican rum aged in bourbon barrels. This bottle comes from the year 1984, so there's probably some sort of security camera watching it at all times, or…  More info

Myers's Planters Punch Rum - 1984
$150.91

Ron Vigia Gran Reserva 18 Años

70cl, 40%
Ron Vigia

18 year old Cuban rum from the Ron Vigia range. Rich and inviting with notes of thick molasses, tobacco leaf and dark chocolate.  More info

Ron Vigia Gran Reserva 18 Años
$77.09

Santa Teresa Añejo Gran Reserva

70cl, 40%
Santa Teresa

Añejo Gran Reserva is a superb Venezuelan rum aged in oak for up to 5 years. Santa Teresa recommend this in cocktails, and it is notable for its delicious aroma.  More info

Santa Teresa Añejo Gran Reserva
1
$20.79

Balcones Texas Rum

75cl, 63.9%
Balcones

The Balcones distillers in Waco, Texas, have only gone and made their own rum! It's a molasses-based rum which has been double distilled and aged in a variety of casks with differing toast levels and…  More info

Balcones Texas Rum
3
$104.74

St Lucia 11 Year Old 2002 (cask 6) - Single Cask Rum (Duncan Taylor)

70cl, 54.2%
St. Lucia Distillers

A Duncan Taylor bottling of St. Lucia single cask pot still rum. It came into this universe in September 2002 and spent 11 years maturing in an oak cask until February 2014. A release of 226 bottles.  More info

St Lucia 11 Year Old 2002 (cask 6) - Single Cask Rum (Duncan Taylor)
1
$51.13

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