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Rum

Popular Rum Types: Dark Rum | White Rum | Spiced Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production.

In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac, and results in a spirit typically around 40-50% ABV, or higher in the case of overproof rum. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

Westerhall No.10 Rum

70cl, 40%
Westerhall

From Grenadian producer Westerhall Estate comes their Rum No.10, launched in mid-2016 to replace their Westerhall Vintage Rum as part of a range redesign. A great rum for enjoying neat or giving your…  More info

Westerhall No.10 Rum
$37.61

Westerhall No.3 Rum

70cl, 40%
Westerhall

The entry-level expression from Westerhall Estate's range, which was redesigned in mid-2016, is their Westerhall Rum No.3 (which replaces the Westerhall Superb Light). An elegant, sweet rum from…  More info

Westerhall No.3 Rum
$25.06

Westerhall No.5 Rum

70cl, 43%
Westerhall

Replacing the Westerhall Plantation Rum (Westerhall's range underwent a redesign in mid-2016), Westerhall Rum No.5 is a great base for all manner of fruity rum cocktails.  More info

Westerhall No.5 Rum
1
$29.24

Westerhall No.7 Rum

70cl, 40%
Westerhall

Westerhall Rum No.7 was unveiled in mid-2016 as part of the Westerhall Estate range redesign, taking the place of their Westerhall Dark Rum. It's been aged for 7 years, during which time its taken on…  More info

Westerhall No.7 Rum
$34.47

Westerhall White Jack

75cl, 70%
Westerhall

Westerhall White Jack form Grenada is a 70% abv rum, winner of The Spirits Business Rum Gold Award 2011.  More info

Westerhall White Jack
$38.53

WM Cadenhead 11 Year Old Green Label Barbados Rum

70cl, 46%
WM Cadenhead

From WM Cadenhead's Green Label range of independently bottled rums comes an 11 year old rum which was distilled in beautiful Barbados.  More info

WM Cadenhead 11 Year Old Green Label Barbados Rum
$51.57

WM Cadenhead 13 Year Old Green Label Barbados Rum

70cl, 46%
WM Cadenhead

While you may know WM Cadenhead more for their independent whisky bottlings, they're also a dab-hand at bottling tasty rums! This is one of their bottlings of rum from sunny Barbados, which was…  More info

WM Cadenhead 13 Year Old Green Label Barbados Rum
$52.99

WM Cadenhead 8 Year Old Green Label Guatemalan Rum

70cl, 46%
WM Cadenhead

An 8 year old rum from Guatemala, which has been independently bottled by the chaps from WM Cadenhead.  More info

WM Cadenhead 8 Year Old Green Label Guatemalan Rum
$42.77

Wood's 100 Old Navy Rum

70cl, 57%
Wood's

Wood's is made from the finest sugar cane and distilled in Guyana, South America. Bottled at 57% abv, it is one of the highest percentage volume dark rums out there right now, at least at this…  More info

Wood's 100 Old Navy Rum
22
$26.77

Wood's 100 Old Navy Rum - 1980s

100cl, 57%
Wood's

Thought to date from the 1980s, a rare and old 100cl bottle of Wood's Navy Rum. This bottle was part of a private collection. More detailed information and photographs of this item are…  More info

Wood's 100 Old Navy Rum - 1980s
$150.66

Worthy Park 10 Year Old 2006 Jamaican Rum - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)

70cl, 46%
Worthy Park

An independently bottled rum produced by the Worthy Park estate in the heart of Jamaica, aged in a single cask for 10 years. This was bottled for the Kill Devil range by Hunter Laing, producing 338…  More info

Worthy Park 10 Year Old 2006 Jamaican Rum - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)
$49.95

Worthy Park 8 Year Old - Bristol Spirits

70cl, 43%
Worthy Park

Delicious 8 year old Jamaican rum bottled by Bristol Spirits!  More info

Worthy Park 8 Year Old - Bristol Spirits
$48.15

Worthy Park Gold 1l

100cl, 40%
Worthy Park

A golden rum from Worthy Park Estate in St. Catherine, Jamaica.  More info

Worthy Park Gold 1l
$39.35

XM Supreme 15 Year Old Rum

70cl, 40%
Banks DIH

Guyanese demerara rum aged for 15 years, blended and bottled by Banks DIH.  More info

XM Supreme 15 Year Old Rum
$45.74

Zafra 21 Year Old Master Reserve

70cl, 40%
Zafra

This is the Zafra 21 Year Old Master Reserve rum, an absolutely ace Panamanian rum which was aged in bourbon barrels for just over two decades. Considering is was blended by a former Maestro Ronero…  More info

Zafra 21 Year Old Master Reserve
2
$70.95

10 Cane Rum

100cl, 40%
Moët Hennessy

A white rum created by Hennessy's Master Distiller, Jean Pineau. He created 10 Cane rum by applying the standards employed by Cognac makers. This is distilled from sugarcane as opposed to the usual…  More info

10 Cane Rum
$45.72

Achino Creola Rhum di Fantasia - 1960s

100cl, 40%
Ditta Achino

This bottle of Achino Creola Rhum di Fantasia dates from the 1960s.  More info

Achino Creola Rhum di Fantasia - 1960s
$150.66

Admiral Vernon's Old J Gold Spiced Rum

70cl, 40%
Old J

Old J Gold Spiced rum bottled at 40%, flavoured with Persian lime and vanilla. Enjoy over ice with ginger beer and a slice of lime.  More info

Admiral Vernon's Old J Gold Spiced Rum
2
$23.28

Admiral Vernon's Old J Spiced Rum Spirit Drink

70cl, 35%
Old J

Based around the vibrant flavours of Persian lime and vanilla paired with classic rum notes, Old J Spiced Rum Spirit Drink (technically it's not a rum, as its ABV is under 37.5%) goes great over ice…  More info

Admiral Vernon's Old J Spiced Rum Spirit Drink
2
$19.56

Alfred Lamb's Navy Rum Flagon - 1970s

75cl, 40%
Lamb's

A flagon of Lamb's Navy Rum probably dating from the 1970s and still in good condition. A very collectible antique bottling.  More info

Alfred Lamb's Navy Rum Flagon - 1970s
$150.66

Alfred Lamb's Special Reserve Rum - 1980s

75cl, 40%
Lamb's

A rare old bottle of Alfred Lamb's Special Reserve. Just 918 of these were released, having been distilled in 1939. This bottle was part of a private collection. More detailed information and…  More info

Alfred Lamb's Special Reserve Rum - 1980s
$680.05

Aliança Rum - 1960s

98cl, 40%
Caves Alianca

A rare Portuguese bottling of rum thought to date from the 1960s. This is a 98cl bottle, unusually. This bottle was part of a private collection. More detailed information and photographs of…  More info

Aliança Rum - 1960s
$225.98

Ancient Mariner 16 Year Old Navy Rum

50cl, 54%
Ancient Mariner

Daily Tots were issued by the Royal Navy for hundred of years, up until July 1970 when they were removed. Ancient Mariner was made with the rum used by the Royal Navy in mind. To revive the classic…  More info

Ancient Mariner 16 Year Old Navy Rum
2
$42.85

Ancient Mariner Navy Rum

50cl, 54%
Ancient Mariner

Ancient Mariner Rum was conceived to revive the classic rum as enjoyed by the Royal Navy up until 1970. After sourcing a sample of the original rum, the recipe was recreated with spirit sourced from…  More info

Ancient Mariner Navy Rum
$46.80

Angostura 12 Year Old "1824"

70cl, 40%
Angostura

A top quality rum hand selected by the master blender from select casks at Angostura. This is matured in American oak bourbon barrels for at least 12 years when it is blended and re-casked. It offers…  More info

Angostura 12 Year Old
5
$57.01

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