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Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production. In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

Rum

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Brugal Dry Spiced
(70cl, 38%)
From Brugal in the Dominican Republic comes their dry spiced rum, perfect for cocktails where you want the sweeter notes of rums to step to the side (just a little bit) to allow the simmering spices...  More info
$37.88
A 1985 vintage agricole rhum from Rhum de Père Labat, distilled on the island of Marie-Galante, which you can find if you look just south of Guadeloupe. Sure to be an intensely flavoursome tipple from...  More info
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Made with a blend of aged rums, as well as touches of fruit and spice, Bristol Black Spiced Rum is not as sweet as your usual spiced rum. Of course, there's still plenty of Christmas cake and brown...  More info
$56.12
This is Bristol Spirits' Reserve Rum of Nicaragua, which was distilled in column stills at Compania Licorera de Nicaragua (the same place that Flor de Caña is produced). It was distilled in 2002 and...  More info
$67.66
This is a 1998 vintage Demerara rum from Guyana's Diamond Distillery, independently bottled by Bristol Spirits in the UK. A mellow, sippable rum which works well over ice or in cocktails.  More info
$76.33
A Demerara rum distilled by Enmore in 1988, matured in used bourbon casks until it was bottled by Bristol Spirits in the UK in 2008. Warming and sweet with burnt sugar and spice, followed by a long...  More info
$138.85
A firm favourite here at the Master of Malt, this is a truly superb Guatemalan rum, blended using the solera system. Sublime stuff. This was matured in a mix of bourbon and sherry casks. The Beverage...  More info
User Rating:  (20 Reviews)
$70.55
STRICTLY 1 PER CUSTOMER
A very special release from Guyana's rum experts El Dorado - the 1986 vintage 25 year old Demerara rum. A blend of rums chosen in 2011 by the late George Robinson, master...  More info
User Rating:  (1 Review)
$577.06
English Harbour is a rum from Antigua. This 5 year old was a Double Gold winner at the 2005 San Francisco Competition.  More info
User Rating:  (2 Reviews)
Bottled at a high proof, this is a delicious spiced rum which was produced in Grenada by the Clarkes Court company. Very good indeed.  More info
User Rating:  (3 Reviews)
$48.45
A neat gift set of a 70cl bottle of Diplomático Reserva Exclusiva, a yummy, award-winning Venezuelan rum matured in whiskey barrels, and two branded glasses for enjoying said rum from.  More info
$75.70
This is a 5 year old Barbados rum from the Plantation range, aged in bourbon barrels before being transported to Cognac Ferrand in France for a finish in Cognac casks! Very good indeed...  More info
User Rating:  (1 Review)
$39.70
Blackwell Black Gold Rum was created by Chris Blackwell, who also happens to be the owner of Island Records. The dark rum itself is distilled and blended by J. Wray & Nephew in Jamaica. It was made in...  More info
User Rating:  (1 Review)
$29.94
A glass buccaner's pistol full of Mocambo Mexican rum! Produced in Cordoba, this is the perfect gift for the pirate in your life.  More info
$35.07
A great Nicaraguan rum from Flor de Caña. This 7 year old is great as a mixing rum, and it makes a fantastic cocktail. It is aged in 180 litre white oak barrels, which are only used once before...  More info
User Rating:  (1 Review)
$37.89
A Grenadian rum. Not a Grenadine rum. Or a rum made from Grenadiers.  More info
User Rating:  (3 Reviews)
$58.84
Bacardi 8 Year Old
(70cl, 40%)
Bacardi's premium rum release, the 8 year old is blended with rums aged for between 8 and 16 years.  More info
User Rating:  (5 Reviews)
$40.08
Doorlys 3 Year Old
(70cl, 40%)
This white rum from the Foursquare distillery in Barbados is perfect for a variety of rum-based cocktails.  More info
$31.64
Vat 19 Golden Rum
(70cl, 37.50%)
A beautiful, easy-drinking 3 year old golden rum produced in Trinidad by Trinidad Distillers. Smooth and quaffable, Vat 19 is a great cocktail spirit...  More info
User Rating:  (5 Reviews)
$22.27
This is a white rum from Clarke's Court in Grenada who have made many multi-award winning rums.  More info
$37.68
Botran Reserva
(70cl, 40%)
Botran Reserva is a delicious Guatemalan rum aged for between 5 and 14 years. Made from the best virgin sugar honey, this rum is aged in a Solera system in a mix of bourbon, port and sherry casks.  More info
User Rating:  (2 Reviews)
$53.83
This is a lovely independently bottled dark rum from the Plantation range. It was distilled in Panama in column stills in 2002 before a 10 year maturation in a bourbon cask. Delicious stuff with a...  More info
$55.94
Delicious rum from Trinidad which, like a lot world-travellers, spent some time in France. Unlike other globe-trotters, who probably spent their time in France looking at pretty pictures in the...  More info
$66.20
The label for this bottling of Rivers Royale Grenadian Rum claims that it is a "Slightly Overproof Rum". Sitting at an eye-watering 75% ABV, we'd have to agree! It was produced at the River Antoine...  More info
$71.19
Panamanian rum from top bottler Rum Nation. Superb stuff.  More info

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