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Rum

Popular Rum Types: Dark Rum | White Rum | Spiced Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production.

In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac, and results in a spirit typically around 40-50% ABV, or higher in the case of overproof rum. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

St Lucia Distillers 1931 Fourth Edition

70cl, 43%
St. Lucia Distillers

Back in 1931, the Dennery Distillery was founded in St. Lucia. This year is honoured by St. Lucia Distillers (who were formed by the merger of the Dennery Distillery and other distillery in 1972)…  More info

St Lucia Distillers 1931 Fourth Edition
$65.72

Admiral Vernon's Old J Gold Spiced Rum

70cl, 40%
Old J

Old J Gold Spiced rum bottled at 40%, flavoured with Persian lime and vanilla. Enjoy over ice with ginger beer and a slice of lime.  More info

Admiral Vernon's Old J Gold Spiced Rum
2
$23.60

Mezan Jamaica XO Rum

70cl, 40%
Mezan

This is a blend of casks from two distilleries in Jamaica: Monymusk and Hampden. The latter distillery has Scottish roots, and is one of the oldest sugar plantations in the country. It has always…  More info

Mezan Jamaica XO Rum
6
$31.11

New Grove Oak Aged Rum

70cl, 40%
Grays

From the beautiful Island of Mauritius, all the way out in the Indian Ocean, comes the cracking New Grove Oak Aged Rum. A spicy, sensual blend of rums aged between 1 and 15 years. Perfect on ice for…  More info

New Grove Oak Aged Rum
$32.10

Trois Rivières Blanc Rum

70cl, 50%
Trois Rivieres

A tangy, punchy white rhum agricole made in Martinique by the legendary Trois Rivières. Loads of flavour here, this works really well in white rum cocktails such as a Daiquiri of a Mojito.  More info

Trois Rivières Blanc Rum
$32.09

Pusser's The Nelson Ship's Decanter - 1980s

100cl, 54.5%
Pusser's

The wide base of this rum decanter means it won't tip over in the Admiral's quarters of your ship! Win. The difference between this and the other 1980s 100cl Nelson Ship's Decanter full of Pusser's…  More info

Pusser's The Nelson Ship's Decanter - 1980s
$254.59

Monymusk Classic Gold Rum

70cl, 40%
Monymusk

A light but spicy Jamaican rum from the Monymusk estate. Great for enjoying in cocktails, but its vibrant notes of fresh fruit and cooking spices mean it certainly can be sipped over ice.  More info

Monymusk Classic Gold Rum
$28.11

Worthy Park 8 Year Old - Bristol Spirits

70cl, 43%
Worthy Park

Delicious 8 year old Jamaican rum bottled by Bristol Spirits!  More info

Worthy Park 8 Year Old - Bristol Spirits
$48.82

St Nicholas Abbey 5 Year Old

70cl, 40%
St. Nicholas Abbey

The St. Nicholas Abbey 5 Year Old Barbados rum is the first from the range which was distilled and aged entirely on the estate! Should be an fascinating tipple...  More info

St Nicholas Abbey 5 Year Old
$66.40

Panama Don Jose 2003 (bottled 2015) - Isla del Ron

70cl, 53.6%
Don Jose

Single cask rum distilled at Don Jose in Panama in 2003, bottled in 2015 by Isla del Ron at 53.6% abv. 252 bottles were produced.  More info

Panama Don Jose 2003 (bottled 2015) - Isla del Ron
$57.87

Trinidad Rum 23 Year Old 1991 - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)

70cl, 46%
Hunter Laing

From Hunter Laing's Kill Devil range comes a 23 year old rum from an undisclosed distillery in Trinidad, which was distilled in December 1991. Just 338 bottles were produced.  More info

Trinidad Rum 23 Year Old 1991 - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)
$118.00

Rhum St Barth Cool

70cl, 50%
St. Barth

This white rum is bottled at 50% abv let has a smooth and deliciously sweet flavour to it that can be added to a variety of punches and cocktails.  More info

Rhum St Barth Cool
$31.37

Santa Teresa Claro

70cl, 40%
Santa Teresa

A Venezuelan rum aged in American white oak for around 3 years before being filtered to remove the colour. Santa Teresa Claro offers plenty of fruity notes, and is great in cocktails.  More info

Santa Teresa Claro
$18.92

La Mauny VSOP Rhum Vieux Agricole

70cl, 40%
La Mauny

La Mauny VSOP is an absurdly beautiful shade of golden brown, almost glowing with a burning red effervescence. These dazzling colours are matched in flavours, as the VSOP is an absolutely incredible…  More info

La Mauny VSOP Rhum Vieux Agricole
2
$48.61

Legendario Ron Dorado

70cl, 38%
Legendario

Great for cocktails and mixed drinks, Legendario's Ron Dorado is a subtly sweet, seductive Cuban rum. Should make for a good Palmetto, we reckon.  More info

Legendario Ron Dorado
$24.03

Panama Rum 10 Year Old 2004 - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)

70cl, 46%
Hunter Laing

This is a 2004 vintage Panama rum aged for 10 years in a single cask. It was bottled by the independent whisky and rum bottler Hunter Laing. One of 33 just bottles.  More info

Panama Rum 10 Year Old 2004 - Kill Devil (Hunter Laing)
$51.87

Ron Dominicano Relicario

70cl, 40%
Ron Dominicano

Superb rum from the Dominican Republic, with a very handsome bottle and wonderfully full-bodied flavour profile.  More info

Ron Dominicano Relicario
$33.27

Owney's Original Rum

70cl, 40%
The Noble Experiment NYC

Owney's Original Rum comes to us from The Noble Experiment NYC, established by Bridget C. Firtle in 2012. Named in honour of Owen 'Owney' Madden, a Prohibition-era rum-runner and speak-easy…  More info

Owney's Original Rum
$44.91

WeiRon

70cl, 50%
Svenska Eldvatten

The Svenska Eldvatten chaps have only gone and created their own rum! Not content to only bottle rum for their Rum Swedes range, they've blended their own using aged rums from the Caribbean. A…  More info

WeiRon
1
$47.68

Worthy Park Gold 1l

100cl, 40%
Worthy Park

A golden rum from Worthy Park Estate in St. Catherine, Jamaica.  More info

Worthy Park Gold 1l
$39.89

Santa Teresa Ron Selecto

70cl, 40%
Santa Teresa

Venezuelan rum from Santa Teresa, this is a blend of rums aged for between 3 and 9 years. Ron Selecto makes a cracking Mojito…  More info

Santa Teresa Ron Selecto
$26.34

Cor Cor Green - Okinawan Rum

70cl, 40%
Grace Rum

The sugar cane which is pressed and distilled to make the rum is grown on the island of Okinawa. Plenty of up-front, intense fruit notes (think apricot, pear and melon), with classic agricole grassy…  More info

Cor Cor Green - Okinawan Rum
$75.45

Saint James Reserve

70cl, 43%
Saint James

6 to 10 year old rhum agricole made from cane juice at Saint James in Martinique!  More info

Saint James Reserve
$19.81

East London Liquor Company Navy Strength Demerara Rum

70cl, 57%
East London Liquor Company

A higher-strength bottling of East London Liquor Company's Demerara rum from Guyana, which is distilled in a two column Coffey still. At Navy Strength, this is sure to stand out in cocktails and…  More info

East London Liquor Company Navy Strength Demerara Rum
$59.36

Mount Gilboa

70cl, 40%
Mount Gilboa

This is triple distilled in pot stills at the same distillery in Barbados that makes Mount Gay. A wonderfully refined, characterful rum.  More info

Mount Gilboa
1
$44.88

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