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Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production. In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

Rum

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Rhum J.M Vintage 2000
(70cl, 47.20%)
A 2000 vintage rhum agricole from renowned Martinique distillers Rhum J.M., which was distilled in September 2000 and bottled in January 2009.  More info
$166.03
Wowser. 80%. Yes, really. Stroh. Aaaaah. Stroh.  More info
$199.34
A rum from the 1970s. Who's got the cocktail umbrellas?  More info
$159.47
A '90s bottling of Bacardi. Hawaiian shirts anyone?  More info
$79.74
1970s rum. Let's all have a Daiquiri!  More info
$159.47
Ron Guajiro 1l - 1980s
(100cl, 40%)
Rum from the 1980s, bottled by Guajiro. A full litre no less!  More info
$159.47
The Clément Première Canne Rhum is made on the East coast of Martinique. It is a blanc Agricole Rhum, made with fresh pressed sugarcane from Habitation Clément which is then distilled and left to rest...  More info
$46.91
Rhum JM Vintage 2001
(70cl, 46.60%)
Vintage Rhum Agricole from Rhum J.M., who grow their own sugarcane to press and create high quality spirits, like this one. It was distilled in July 2001 and bottled in October 2011.  More info
$147.93
Rhum J.M. Vintage 1994
(70cl, 45.20%)
A 1994 vintage Rhum Agricole from the Rhum J.M. distillers in Martinique. From 1994 to 2009, this intense, vibrant rum, made from pressed-sugar cane juice rather than molasses, matured in oak. It has...  More info
$306.64
This white rum from Bacardi was bottled in the 1990s. Bacardi famously left Cuba following the rise of Fidel Castro and continued to produce rum from abroad.  More info
$119.60
This white rum was bottled in the 1970's by Bardinet and is now a collectable item.  More info
$159.47
A very hard-to-find bottle of white rum from the 1970s. This comes from Leon, Spain.  More info
$159.47
Ooh, well what have we here? A rare 1970s bottling of an old edition of Captain Morgan rum, known as "La Carta Blanca". Loosely translated it means "the Carta Blanca". It's old and it's rare, folks.  More info
$199.34
Dictador Insolent XO
(70cl, 40%)
The Dictador Insolent XO Rum is produced in Columbia and aged in a selection of casks - ex-bourbon, ex-Sherry and Port casks were used to create this sweet, spicy, mocha-rich rum.  More info
$128.79
A 1.5 litre bottle of Caribbean rum (distilled in Guyana and Barbados) imported and bottled by Hall & Bramley. Perfect for creating delicious mixed drinks.  More info
$57.86
Diplomatico's flagship, the Ambassador was created by Tito Cordero, Golden Barrel Award's 2011 Master Rum Blender of the Year. Expect huge juicy sweetness and flavour thanks to its maturation in...  More info
$304.08
A delicious 5 year old rhum agricole (rum distilled from fresh sugar cane juice and aged in the style of French brandy) from the Martinique-based Trois Rivières.  More info
$103.31
A classic white rum from Varela Hermanos, a distiller in Panama. Light, simple and well suited to mixing and cocktails.  More info
$34.40
Ron Cortez Oro (Gold)
(100cl, 40%)
A versatile rum from the Ron Cortez collection, distilled in Panama by Varela Hermanos. Sweet notes of raisin and ginger throughout this one. Enjoy it with ice or with your favourite mixer.  More info
$45.37
Anejo rum from Varela Hermanos, bottled as part of their Ron Cortez range, named after the explorer Hernan Cortez. The Anejo is matured in casks for three years to give it an aromatic, warming flavour...  More info
$34.74
Rhum J.M White
(70cl, 50%)
A white Rhum Agricole from Martinique. Rhum JM offers an intense aroma of pepper, floral notes and tropical fruit, with a sweet, warming palate with loads of flavour.  More info
$58.37
A well-aged, rich rhum agricole from Trois Rivières, Cuvée Du Moulin is an utterly beguiling spirit with masses of spice and complexity.  More info
$84.01
An 8 year old rum from Fiji, bottled by Berry Brothers & Rudd.  More info
$85.32
A smart and very tasty gold rhum agricole from the Martinique-based Trois Rivières. This is an affable, quaffable spirit distilled from fresh sugar cane juice. Great value for money and stunning in...  More info
$52.83
Glen's White Rum
(70cl, 37.50%)
This is a white rum from the West Indies, perfect for mixing in cocktails or serving over ice with a slice of lime.  More info
$27.74
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