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Rum

Rum is such an evocative spirit. It transforms, transcends and instantly transports the drinker to the sun-washed shores of the West Indies; white sands, palm trees and blue seas. It always has a sense of joviality, in part thanks to its Caribbean origins, and also because of the unabashed decadence surrounding a libation made from sugar.

The kind of sugar used is one of the key differentiating factors in rum production. In the Spanish and British Antilles, for example, rum is traditionally distilled from molasses - a by-product of sugar production. In the French Caribbean islands, however, sugarcane juice (sometimes called sugarcane honey) is used instead of molasses. Countries like Martinique and Guadeloupe are famed for producing spirit distilled from sugarcane juice, known as rhum agricole - French for 'agricultural rum'. The spirit is often made in a way that more closely resembles the distillation of some of the famous French brandies, such as Cognac or Armagnac. Younger varieties often exude a tangy, herbal flavour, whilst the aged varieties (often matured in Cognac casks) will offer up subtlety and complexity, just like any fine aged spirit.

The Caribbean has been cultivated for sugar for centuries, and the various occupiers, be they Spanish, French or English, have their own terms for the spirit; Ron, Rhum and, of course, Rum, respectively.

As far as British involvement with the spirit, there has always been a strong connection with the Royal Navy. Indeed, at one time the Navy afforded their sailors a half pint of rum as part of their daily ration. The rum was traded and export grew in large part because of the export possibilities that sea travel brought about.

Many competing arguments exist as to the origins of the term "rum”. The most convincing is that it is a shortened version of "rumbullion” – a word meaning great uproar and noise, and a good reminder of the often violent, dramatic history of rum. Other terms have existed, including "kill devil” which was used to describe spirit distilled from molasses.

Due to the huge geographical territory in which rum is produced, there are many variants in production, the type of still being one of the most obvious. Usually, pot stills are used to distil thick, rich, aged rums (El Dorado 15 and El Pusser’s are good examples). Continuous column stills, on the other hand, are used to produce white spirits best associated with cocktails.

Maturation is an interesting aspect too. White rums are either unaged or aged only very briefly. Classics such as Bacardi Superior are crisp and tangy and work brilliantly well in cocktails. Gold rums tend to be a mix of spirit old and new, and also work nicely in cocktails, with an increase in complexity and flavour. For the connoisseurs of sipping spirit, however, dark rums are the preference. These can be tremendously refined and delicious, thanks in no small part to the tropical nature of the climate. The hot weather allows Caribbean rums to mature particularly rapidly - at as much as thrice the rate of Scotch Whisky . In this respect a 15 year old rum is the equivalent of a 45 year old whisky!

Other geographical factors come into play too, and some of the top rum-producing countries have attained their own unique style.

Jamaica is perhaps one of the most prolific rum nations today, with its own unique style. Prior to distillation, the molasses are typically allowed to ferment for a great length of time. This is then followed by distillation in pot stills. The result is intensity and body, often with notes of tropical fruit and banana. Appleton Estate and Wray and Nephew are superlative examples.

Barbados is another prime rum territory. One of the original islands to begin rum distillation, Barbadian rums are often superbly balanced, with deliciously aromatic tendencies. There are three main distilleries on the island (West Indies Rum Distillery, Mount Gay and Foursquare), and each makes use of pot stills. These are easy-drinking rums, with some of the longer-aged variants (Doorly’s XO, for example) working brilliantly as sipping spirits.

Guyana is one of our favourite rum nations, thanks in no small part to the heavy, Demerara rums bottled in the El Dorado range. These are full-bodied spirits, traditionally the main constituent in British Navy rum. Made in a mix of pot stills and column stills, there is quite a variety of flavour to be found. Where once there were more than 200 distilleries, today there is only one. We suggest you seek out El Dorado 15 for an example of just how good Guyana rum can be!

Latin America is home to the lighter, fresher cocktail rums. The popularity of such spirit (with the advent of the recent cocktail revolution) has transformed the place into the most prolific region of all. It all started, however, with Bacardi, originally produced in Cuba before the country's factories were nationalised. Today, Bacardi is made in Puerto Rico, and the classic Carta Blanca remains a mainstay for many cocktails including the Daiquiri. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Venezuela and Trinidad play hosts to some of the world's top distilleries. Brands such as Ron Zacapa, Brugal and Pampero - among many others - are well worth a look.

Whilst not always thought of as a true rum, this introduction would not be complete without a mention of Cachaça. The famous spirit, made almost exclusively in Brazil, is traditionally enjoyed as part of a Caipirinha cocktail, and its production closely resembles Rhum Agricole. It is distilled from fermented sugar cane juice, and is bottled at between 38% and 54%ABV. One interesting aspect is the legally permissible addition of up to six grams of sugar per litre, giving the spirit additional sweetness. Varieties are sold both aged and unaged, with the former being a more premium style thanks to the extra complexity imbued by the use of wooden barrels. To sample some fine Cachaça, look for the superb distilleries Germana and Abelha. We recommend you enjoy the aged varieties neat, whilst the tangier white Cachaça is best drunk in the aforementioned Caipirinha - a cocktail made simply with two shots of Cachaça, half a lime and a couple of teaspoons of sugar. Delicious!

Recently, rum has surged in popularity. Its regard as a fine cocktail mixer is good and widespread and a number of the world’s most popular drinks are rum-based - the Daiquiri and the Mojito being two prime examples. It is only recently, though, that our beloved rum has really been enjoyed en masse as a standalone beverage of true merit, and this new direction is excellent, for rum is as much a connoisseur’s libation as any other dark spirit. Like all dark spirits, a stemmed tulip glass is best for optimum palate entry and for focusing the aroma.

Rum

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Wood's Old Navy Rum
(70cl, 57%)
A Demerara rum distilled from sugar cane grown in Guyana, blended in the style of old navy rums. Woods is a pot still rum and the packaging has been the same for fifty years.  More info
User Rating:  Rating (5.0/5)
Ron Montilla - 1970s
(98cl, 40.40%)
The pirate on this rare bottle of Ron Montilla has an extraordinarily hairy chest, but considering it was produced in the 1970s, we're not that surprised. This was marketed in Brazil and was, at the...  More info
$201.54
To make Cuban Barrel Proof a selection of rums are blended before a finish in specially selected oak barrels. These are then bottled straight form the barrel. This great rum from Havana Club was...  More info
User Rating:  Rating (3.5/5)
An old bottling of 5 year old rum from the Dominican Republic, sure to add some spice to a Dark & Stormy cocktail.  More info
$80.61
This was originally launched during the 1960s and stands as the superlative rhum from Barbancourt. Double copper pot distilled before a maturation of 15 years in Limousin white oak barrels.  More info
User Rating:  Rating (4.5/5)
$60.38
A popular bottling from the superb Barbancourt range of rhums and rhums agricole. 3 star is actually a 4 year old expression rum exhibits classic Haitian character.  More info
User Rating:  Rating (4.0/5)
$29.31
5 Star is double distilled in Barbancourt's copper pot stills before a maturation of 8 years in Limousin oak barrels.  More info
$45.72
The '3' in the name of this special Distiller's Bundaberg is a reference to the triple filtration that this Antipodean libation undergoes.  More info
User Rating:  Rating (4.5/5)
Seven Tiki Aged Rum
(70cl, 40%)
A deliciously complex and full bodied rum hailing from the Island of Fiji.  More info
Mahiki Rum
(70cl, 40%)
A gorgeous gold rum from Barbados, Mahiki is distilled in pot and column stills, and aged in both Bourbon and Madeira casks for a stunningly fruity flavour. With notes of caramel, vanilla, flambéed...  More info
User Rating:  Rating (5.0/5)
$51.31
Cockspur Five Star
(70cl, 37.50%)
A Bajan rum aged in American white oak barrels before blending. Cockspur is buttery and spicy.  More info
User Rating:  Rating (2.0/5)
ESA Fields White
(70cl, 40%)
A Bajan white rum, E.S.A.F is quite aromatic and made from the extract of sugar cane juice. The most popular rum in Barbados!  More info
A white rum from Doorly's in Barbados. This is a fruity, aromatic white rum, great in cocktails.  More info
$44.17
Cockspur 12 Year Old
(70cl, 40%)
A Bajan aged rum, Cockspur is blended from the "pure coral water" of the Caribbean. This rum was awarded Gold Medals at the 1981, 1984 and 1989 International Wine and Spirit Competition.  More info
$41.28
O.V.D. Spiced Rum
(70cl, 40%)
O.V.D. is a spiced rum from Guyana, flavoured with 7 different spices, including nutmeg, clove, cinnamon, allspice, ginger, tamarind and vanilla.  More info
Pusser's Red Label
(70cl, 42%)
Red Label is lower strength version of the astonishing Pusser's Blue Label, made using the same stills that are used to make the exceptional El Dorado rum range.  More info
Rum from Paraguay with a sweet flavour. This is completely organic and has been produced to Fair Trade standards.  More info
$36.19
A Guyanan rum with a wonderful flavour, this 5 year old offers notes of spice, fruit and plenty of banana. Named in honour of the creator - José Gomes D'Aguiar.  More info
$41.68
XM VXO Rum 7 Year Old
(70cl, 40%)
7 year old Guyanan rum, VXO offers incredible flavours of winter spice, chocolate and tropical fruit.  More info
User Rating:  Rating (4.0/5)
$41.99
A specially bottled 15 year old Trinidad rum, this is a single cask rum which has had nothing taken away nor added except for water to bring it down to bottling strength.  More info
An absolutely staggering rum from an absolutely staggering rum range. This was distilled at the Black Rock distillery in Barbados in 2000, aged in bourbon casks and finished in casks from the...  More info
A Guyanan rum, this was distilled at the Port Morant distillery. The cask was specially selected by Jim McEwan, Bruichladdich's Master Distiller. The rum was then transferred into a Tempranillo wine...  More info
A Jamaican rum with a real story behind it. This was distilled at the Monymusk distillery, and aged before it was selected especially by Jim McEwan, Bruichladdich's Master Distiller. The rum was then...  More info
User Rating:  Rating (3.5/5)
Foursquare 1998
(70cl, 40%)
A single cask rum from the Foursquare distillery in Barbados (makers of a very successful spiced rum). This was distilled in 1998 and aged for 10 years in a bourbon cask (cask 2807) before bottling in...  More info
A litre bottle of Demerara rum from Pusser's. This was named after Lord Nelson passed away at sea, and he his body was preserve in a barrel of rum. The story goes that the sailors on the ship still...  More info
User Rating:  Rating (4.5/5)

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